Alam Khan Hamdard – adviser to Ministry of Finance and Global Goodwill Ambassadors Afghanis. President and Country Director AIFC/ AlmaaliDubai and Kabul CIBAFI Bahrain
Rulers Are Not Above the Law. According to the Islamic concept of justice, absolutely no one is above the law, for all men are equal
Human rights in Islam are taken from Quran and saying of Prophets Mohammad (PBUH) and acts of Caliphs of Islam and Companions of Prophets Mohammad (PBUH).
Although Islam is a perfect religion gives vas human rights but within the limits of not harming others and protection of rights of all humans.
The Security of Life and Property:
Islam gives highest value to protection of life of every human and his/her property. In Quran in several verses in several chapters the life of human and his/her properties are highly regarded and it guarantees them under Islamic state. Following is the saying of prophet shows how much Islam gives importance for the life of human.
During the address of Prophet Mohammad in his final pilgrimage, he said: “Your lives and properties are forbidden to one another till you meet your Lord on the Day of Resurrection.”
He also said: “One who kills a man under covenant (i.e., a non-Muslim citizen of a Muslim land) will not even smell the fragrance of Paradise. It means the killer will never enter Paradise which is the ultimate goal of every human body.
The Protection of Honor:
Islam guarantees the protection of Honor of every human body in his/her life and guarantees it even he/she is Non-Muslim.
The Qur’an does not allow one’s personal honor to be abused: O You
who believe, do not let one set of people make fun of another set. Do not defame one another Do not insult by using nicknames. Do not backbite or spear? ill of one another (49: 1 1-121.
Sanctity and Security of Private Life:
Islam fully protects the right of private life of every human body.
The Qur’an guarantees privacy Do not spy on one another and Do not enter any houses unless you are sure of their occupant’s consent.for he must use this trust in a way that is acceptable to God or else suffer the consequences.
Following was acknowledged by Abu Bakr the first Caliph of Islam, who said in his very first address: “Cooperate with me when I am right, and correct me when I commit error. Obey me so long as I follow the commandments of Allah and His Prophet, but turn away from me when I deviate.”
Freedom of Expression:
Islam guarantees the freedom of expression but with certain limits that may not harm others for instance insulting and abusing individual or group of people or society. Even everybody is allowed to condemn the acts of ruler of Muslim society “
Islam allows complete freedom of thought and expression, provided that it does not involve spreading that which is harmful to individuals and the society at large. For example, the use of abusive or offensive language in the name of criticism is not allowed.
In the days of the Prophet, the Muslims used to ask him about certain matters. If he had received no revelation on that particular issue, they were free to express their personal opinions.
Freedom of Association:
In Islam formation of associations, parties, and organizations is allowed,
on the understanding that they abide by certain general rules. Rules are in limits of protection of dignity and honor of the person and people.
Freedom of Conscience and Conviction:
The Qur’an states: There should be no coercion in the matter of faith. Islam forbids such a practice.
Protection of Religious Sentiments:
Along with the freedom of conviction and freedom of conscience, Islam guarantees to the individual that his religious sentiments will be given due respect and the nothing will be said or done which may encroach upon his right. Protection from Arbitrary
Islam states that each individual is responsible only for his own actions. Therefore, he cannot be arrested and imprisoned for the offenses of someone else.
We read in the Qur’an: No bearer of burdens shall be made to bear the burden of another.
The Right to Basic Necessities of Life:
Islam recognizes the right of the needy to demand help from those who are more fortunate: And in their wealth there is acknowledge right for the needy and the destitute.
Equality before the Law:
Islam is the only religion who gives many example of equality before law even by prophet and early age rulers of Islam Caliphs.
Islam gives its citizens the right to absolute and complete equality in the eyes of the law.
Rulers Are Not Above the Law:
According to the Islamic concept of justice, absolutely no one is above the law, for all men are equal. This point was made in a very dramatic fashion by the Prophet himself. One day, a woman belonging to a high and noble family was arrested in connection with a theft. The case was brought to the Prophet with the recommendation that she be spared the mandated punishment for theft (amputation of the hand).
The Prophet replied: “The nations that lived before you were destroyed by God because they punished the common man for their offenses and let their dignitaries go unpunished for their crimes. I swear by Him Who holds my life inHis hand that even if Fatima, the daughter of Muhammad, had committed this crime, I would have amputated her hand.”
The Right to Participate in the Affairs of State:
In the Qur’an, we find the statement And their business is (conducted) through consultation among themselves (42:38).
This procedure is known as shura, which is usually translated as “consultation.” In practice, it means that the executive head of the government and the members of the assembly should be elected by free and independent choice of the people. However, the leader is not bound to follow the decision that results from this deliberation.
Lastly, Islam seeks to achieve the above-mentioned human rights and many others through the provision of certain legal safeguards, but primarily through calling upon individuals to transcend their lower animal-like instincts so that they can go beyond mere ties fostered by the kinship of blood, racial superiority, linguistic arrogance, and economic privilege Islam urges man to move on to a plane of existence where, by reason of his inner excellence, he can realize the ideal of the brotherhood of man.
The Women Rights in Islam
Women are given highest rights in Islam including but not limited to following:
- Right of Inheritance
- Right of Education
- Right of ownership
- Right of running business (even the first wife of Prophets Mohammad Khadija was a business woman who was importing goods from Syria to Macca in present Saudi Arabia.
- Right of free life after death of her wife
- Right of choosing her life partner
- Right of leadership ( The second wife of Prophet Mohammad Bibi Aisha was the political leader
- Right of Teaching
Everyone is not only teacher for her babies but can also to teach to other and better example is Aisha the wife of Prophet was the great teacher who used to teach companions of Prophet Mohammad
To be continued